Chair: Charles Allen, Chairperson of the District of Columbia Council Commitee on the Judiciary and Public Safety
Combating Violent Crime
The purpose of this workgroup is to evaluate and enhance the District of Columbia’s strategic and systemic efforts to combat violent crimes, with a specific emphasis on gun crimes. One of the priority areas for the workgroup is improve the District’s submissions to the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI) National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS), Interstate Identification Index (III) and the National Crime Information Center (NCIC). This workgroup consists of the relevant local and federal partners with efforts focusing on process level and legislative enhancements aimed at improving reporting to all three of the aforementioned entities.
Overview: Gun Violence Reduction Efforts in the District
Since late 2018, CJCC members identified reducing shootings as a priority, and since that time, CJCC has provided members with analysis and access to subject matter experts to help inform the District’s approach to reducing gun violence.
CJCC involved Thomas Abt, author of “Bleeding Out: The Devastating Consequences of Urban Gun Violence – a Bold New Plan for Peace in the Streets,” to present an evidence-based strategic framework for gun violence reduction that included Prevention, Intervention and Enforcement, as well as People, Places, and Behaviors. Mr. Abt identified Group Violence Reduction as the strategy that had the greatest impact on reducing gun violence based on multiple studies. The strategy entails:
- Identifying persons at highest risk of being involved in gun violence (e.g., based on problem analysis, shooting reviews)
- Implementing law enforcement response for those who become actual shooters
- Providing services to those who want to change
- Communicating to these individuals that they are at high risk (i.e., call-ins and custom notifications that involve law enforcement, community members, street outreach workers and service providers)
Thomas Abt provided a detailed description of the elements of the necessary problem analysis and how the results can be used to inform gun violence reduction strategies.
In early 2020, David Muhammad of the (NICJR) and Reygan Cunningham presented information during the Principals’ meeting on Oakland’s problem analysis and subsequent implementation of Oakland Ceasefire, which is a Focused Deterrence/Group Violence Reduction Strategy. Ultimately, CJCC contracted for and received a "Gun Violence Problem Analysis Summary Report."