Publicly Available Data Sources on Crime and Justice in the District of Columbia
Population Change and Social and Economic Well-Being - Adult
American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year Estimates – The ACS is a national survey of households and housing units, administered by the U.S. Census Bureau on an ongoing basis. The ACS data in the neighborhood profiles are based on the first release of 5-year ACS data for 2005 through 2009. These indicators are labeled as "2005-09" in the profiles. The actual value can be thought of as an average over this 5-year period.
Neighborhood Info DC – Provides data on DC neighborhoods — population, race, ethnicity, income, poverty, employment, education, public assistance, single-parent families, low weight and teen births, income, housing, crime and more.
Social and Economic Well-Being - Youth
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) – Developed by Center for Disease Control to monitor six categories of priority health-risk behaviors among youth — behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence; tobacco use; alcohol and other drug use; sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection; unhealthy dietary behaviors; and physical inactivity. These risk behaviors contribute markedly to the leading causes of death, disability, and social problems among youth and adults in the United States. YRBSS includes a national school-based survey(Youth Risk Behavior Survey-YRBS) conducted by CDC as well as state, territorial, and local school-based surveys conducted by education and health agencies. In these surveys, conducted biennially since 1991, representative samples of students in grades 9–12 are drawn.
Annie E. Casey Foundation – The Annie Casey Foundation brings together data on the well-being of children collected by KIDS COUNT grantees from state and local sources. The unique system allows users to access state-specific inventories of data from local sources, such as health departments, human services agencies, and schools. The content of state pages is determined by a participating KIDS COUNT partner using data from local jurisdictions. Data on local jurisdictions are accessed via Community Level Information on Kids (ClIKS).
Substance Use and Mental Health Disorders
The National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) Report – SAMHSA's National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) is the primary source of information on the use of illicit drugs, alcohol, and tobacco in the U.S. civilian non institutionalized population, age 12 and older. Data on selected mental health measures are also collected. Sub-state estimates for 25 measures of substance use and mental disorders (including needing but not receiving treatment for illicit drugs or alcohol) based on the combined 2008, 2009, and2010 NSDUHs are available.
Arrestee Drug Use and Monitoring Survey (ADAM) – Provides information on drug-use patterns and drug market activity in 10 select cities across the US, including the District of Columbia.
Crime and Public Safety
Metropolitan Police Department Annual Reports – MPD has annual reports dating back to 1998 containing information on crime rates, homicide analyses, violent crime, property crime, bias-related crimes, firearm recoveries, arrest trends, traffic safety, calls for service, citizen complaints, and the use of force.
MPD Statistics and Crime website – This website contains up-to-date information on crimes and arrests in DC with additional information on hate crimes and homicide closure rates. It differs from the DC Data catalog in that these data are summary based, lacking information on specific incidents.
MPD Crime Map website – The crime map utility allows users to dynamically select offenses by time frame and location. Note: this site is currently down due to internal upgrades of MPD’s records management.
DC Data Catalog (Excel and Shapefile) – The catalog provides access to 501 datasets from multiple agencies and in multiple formats. Relevant crime and justice data include retrospective crime and arrests, police districts, service areas, and stations. These data are unique in that they are incident based and can be brought into a GIS environment.
Adult Criminal Case Processing and Indigent Defense
The Administrative Office of the US Courts (AO) – The AO’s Judicial Business Reports provide statistical data on the work of the federal Judiciary, compares data for this year to that for previous fiscal years, and, wherever possible, explains why increases or decreases occurred in judicial caseload. The information includes the number of defendants commenced, by offense and the median number of days from filing to case dispositions. More information on these reports can be found at the following link: www.uscourts.gov/Statistics.aspx.
The Superior Court of the District of Columbia (DC Superior Court) – DC Superior Court District of Columbia Court’s Statistical Summary Report includes information on criminal cases dispositions and pending caseloads for DC and US misdemeanors, felonies, and traffic cases.
Pretrial Services Agency for the District of Columbia (PSA) – Provides monthly information on the number of adult and juvenile pretrial defendants that tested positive for illegal substance by age and drug type.
Adult Corrections and Reentry
The District of Columbia Department of Corrections (DOC) –The DOC Inmate and Demographics and Statistical Report provides information on DC offenders incarcerated in the DOC.
Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency (CSOSA) – These reports provide demographic, supervision, charge and behavioral health service information on offenders Supervised by CSOSA. These series of report provides information on the overall District population as well as by Police District for those living in and outside of the city.
Juvenile Case Processing and Reentry
The Superior Court of the District of Columbia, Family Court Division – Family Court annual reports include information on juvenile referrals and include information on juveniles alleged to be delinquent, persons in need of supervision (PINS) and Interstate Compact (ISC) cases.
Department of Youth Rehabilitation Services (DYRS) –DYRS Annual Performance Report includes information on the average daily population of committed youth by age and offense type, re-arrest and reconviction among committed youth by age and placement type, and offense severity.